Poster Abstracts

Name/Affiliation:  Hans Moritz Guenther (CfA)

Title:  HST FUV monitoring of TW Hya

Abstract:
Classical T Tauri stars (CTTS) show strong, broad and asymmetric FUV emission lines. Neither the width, nor the line profile is understood. Likely, different mechanisms influence the line profile; the best candidates are accretion, winds and stellar activity. We monitored the C IV 1548/1550 doublet in the nearby, bright CTTS TW Hya to correlate it with i) the cool wind, as seen in COS NUV Mg II line profiles, ii) the photometric period from joint ground-based monitoring, iii) the accretion rate as determined from the UV continuum and iv) the Ha line profile from independent ground-based observations. The observations span 10 orbits distributed over a few weeks to cover the typical time scales of stellar rotation, accretion and winds. On short time scales (seconds) the variability in the data is compatible with counting statistics when we take certain instrumental effects (the detector dead-time fraction increases when the wavelength calibration lamps are switched on). This rules out any type of coherent accretion shock fluctuation as predicted in some simulations. On longer time scales (days) variability of a factor of 3 in the continuum and similarly massive changes in the line shape are seen. The ratio of the two lines of the doublet indicates that the lines are optically thick, calling into question the idea that the blue-shifted components of the C IV lines are formed in the pre-shock region.