This fact has also been noticed by Eric Weisstein in his Treasure
Trove of Scientific Biography.
Nicolaas Bloembergen (1920- ) - Won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physics for his pioneering work in nonlinear optics.
Bart Jan Bok (1906-1983) - Suggested in 1947 that small dark globules of interstellar gas and dust (Bok Globules) were ungoing collapse on their way to forming new stars.
John Goodricke (1764-1786)- Born in my own mother's hometown of Groningen, The Netherlands. John Goodricke accomplished poineering work in variable star observations. He tragically died young, falling ill after a series of cold nights observing.
Samuel Goudsmit (1902-1978) - Demonstrated, with Uhlenbeck, that Pauli's forth quantum number could be interpreted as spin.
Hendrick Christoffel van de Hulst (1918- )- Predicted the existence of the 21 cm line during World War 2.
Christaan Huygens (1629-95) - Among his achievements, Huygens disovered both the rings of the planet Saturn, and it's major moon Titan. The Huygens probe on board the Cassini spacecraft bound for Saturn is named after this astronomer.
Jacobus Cornelius Kapteyn (1851-1922) - Used density counts to establish the shape of the galaxy.
Gerard Peter Kuiper (1905-1973) - Kuiper is well known for his study of the Moon, and discovering Miranda, Nereid & an atmosphere on Titan. The Kuiper Belt, a disk of comets inside the Oort cloud, is named after him , in addtion to the KAO.
Anton van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723)- Perhaps miscredited with the invention of the microscope, Leewenhoek was one of many 16th century Dutch Spectacle makers that helped spur Galileo make use of the telescope to revolutionize astronomy and Western thought in general (see an intriguing related discussion at The History of the Light Microscope).
Hendrik Lorentz (1853-1928) - Awarded the Nobel Prize in 1902 for Physics, along with Zeeman, for his theory of electromagetic radiation, which in turn led to Einstein's theory of special relativity.
Willem Jacob Luyten (1899-1994) - Constrained the Hertzsprung - Russell diagram and refined our knownledge of our own galaxy though observations of massive numbers of stars.
Jan H. Oort (1900-1992) - Known for his proposition that comets come from a spherical shell surrounding the solar system, known as the Oort cloud, and for the Oort constants (e.g. see Lewis 1990).
Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (1853-1926) - First to produce liquid helium, in 1908; awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1913 for this work.
Anton Pannekoek (1873-1960) - Established that Polaris is a Cepheid variable.
Maarten Schmidt (1929 - ) - Dutch-American astronomer who in 1963 identified spectral lines in quasars as highly red-shifted Balmer lines.
Willem de Sitter (1872-1934) - First to develop a cosmological model of an expanding universe, now known as the Einstein-de Sitter Cosmological Model.
Willebrord Snell (1591-1626)- Best know for his investigations into the refractive properties of light (see Snell's law in any basic physics textbook).
George Uhlenbeck (1900-1988) - Demonstrated, with Goudsmit, that Pauli's forth quantum number could be interpreted as spin.
Johannes Diderik van der Waals (1837-1923) - Awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1910 for his work on on the equation of state for gases and liquids.
Pieter Zeeman (1865-1943) - First to observe magnetic splitting of spectral lines, now know as the Zeeman effect. Awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1902, along with Lorentz.
Frits Zernike (1888-1966) - Awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1953 for his demonstration of the phase contrast method, especially for his invention of the phase contrast microscope.
Last modified on 3 March 2001.