The 4m ATST will be the most powerful solar telescope in the world, providing a unique scientific tool to study the Sun and other astronomical objects. The design and development phase for the Advance Technology Solar Telescope (ATST) is progressing. The conceptual design review (CoDR) for the ATST is scheduled for August 2003. We present a brief description of the science requirements of ATST, and remind the reader of some of the technical challenges of building a 4-m solar telescope. We will discuss some of the design strategies that will allow us to achieve the required performance specifications, present conceptual designs for the ATST, and summarize the results of trades we have made on our path to the CoDR. The thermal impacts to local, self-induced seeing with respect to some of our system level trades that have been completed will be discussed.